State government agency expenditures for R&D totaled $2.5 billion in FY 2017, up 7% from FY 2016. Of this amount, $1.1 billion went to health-related R&D projects. This was the first time R&D expenditures for any state government function totaled more than $1.0 billion. Five state governments (California, New York, Texas, Florida, and Ohio) accounted for 62% of all state government R&D in FY 2017. This InfoBrief presents summary statistics from the FY 2017 Survey of State Government Research and Development, sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation.