The temporal process of resilience.

In our target article, we proposed the application of the dynamical systems approach to studying how the dynamic process of resilience unfolds over time. Sparked by the commentaries by Bryan and colleagues, Galli and Pagano, and Kiefer and colleagues, we aim to provide clarifications of the dynamical systems approach as well as possible extensions of the framework. Specifically, we discuss more elaborately the basic assumption of the dynamical systems approach that behavior emerges from ongoing, bidirectional interactions among a multitude of components over time. Given current knowledge of resilience in sports, the next logical step is to focus on understanding the temporal process of resilience rather than untangling its underlying components. Inspired by the commentaries, we further discuss the changing magnitude of stressors’ impact over time, the issue of interconnected timescales, and resilience versus growth. We conclude by discussing practical and data analytical implications of examining the process of resilience. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)