Use of the PROMIS-29® to identify subgroups of mothers with chronic pain.

Objective: Children of mothers with chronic pain are at increased risk for poor health, but few studies have examined what characteristics of maternal chronic pain may be associated with children’s risk. This study identified subgroups of mothers based on patterns of pain, physical function, and emotional function on the 29-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System® (PROMIS-29®) and evaluated associations between maternal subgroups and children’s pain and emotional functioning. Methods: Mothers with chronic pain (n = 334) completed the PROMIS-29® and reported on pain intensity, pain interference, physical functioning, anxiety, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and participation in social activities. Mothers and their school-age children also completed measures of child pain and emotional functioning. Results: Latent profile analysis of PROMIS® domains indicated a 4-class solution (Group 1: 13.5%, Group 2: 9.9%, Group 3: 43.5%, and Group 4: 32.9%). Group 4 reported the most severe pain, psychological distress, and sleep disturbances and the lowest functioning. Group 1 reported the lowest pain, psychological distress, and sleep disturbances and the highest functioning, while Groups 2 and 3 represented moderate symptoms. Groups significantly differed on maternal reports of children’s pain frequency, but not intensity, and children’s self-reported somatic symptoms. Further, child depressive symptoms (mother-proxy and self-reported), anxiety (mother-proxy reported), and pain catastrophizing (self-reported) differed by maternal group. Conclusions: Patterns of maternal symptoms and functioning were associated with pain frequency and emotional symptoms in children. Further examination of individual differences in mothers with chronic pain that may confer risk for chronic pain and psychological disorders in children is warranted. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)